English and German are both West Germanic languages, making them linguistic siblings, alongside Dutch and Afrikaans. As a result, around 60% of vocabulary is shared between English and German, compared to 27% between English and French (another strong influence on the language).
Though English and German share a lot of similarities on the level of vocabulary, there are still areas where the two languages differ. On a grammatical level, some of these differences stem from English changing over the centuries into its modern form. For instance, German has 4 grammatical cases: Nominative, Genitive, Dative and Accusative, while modern English uses a strict subject-verb-object word order, in comparison to Old English, where these cases existed. Similarly, Old English also had masculine, feminine and neuter nouns, just like modern German!
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